Majority of the people when they hear of mosquitoes, their minds rings an alarm of malaria, but are you aware there are other diseases that are transmitted by mosquitoes? Are you aware that not all mosquitoes are disease carriers and transmitters? Well, we shall get an answer to these and more contentious issues about mosquitoes shortly.
Mosquitoes are pests belonging to a class of insecta and Culicidae family. There are more than 3500 species of mosquitoes. They live in different habitats both in water and on dry land. Some of these adaptations keep mosquitoes away from humans or bring them closer.
For example, some of the mosquitoes that require salty waters and marshy environments to thrive live in the wild and are not a big threat to humans. On the other hand, those that rely on fresh water to lay their eggs on and thrive like the Anopheles are the ones people try to deal with on daily basis in their homes. However, Aedes also pose a serious threat to humans.
Mosquito’s Main Source of Food
One of the things people get wrong about mosquitoes is their feeding. Can you believe mosquitoes depend on plants for their survival? True to the fact, they feed on plant nectars and other sugars from plants; this makes them one of the efficient flower pollinators. However, most of the people’s guess that they feed on blood is not wholly out of topic.
Female mosquitoes have a blood-sucking proboscis that enables them to take blood from any warm-blooded animal including humans. So, only female mosquitoes bite and they don’t actually require blood for their own survival, they require it due to its protein content that is an essential element for the formation of mosquito eggs.
Thus, in its entire life, a female mosquito that manages to escape all the risks associated with feeding on blood of warm-blooded animals, “you know it can be smashed and killed which is the obvious thing someone tries to do when they sense a mosquito is biting on them” if it makes it through, it will use the protein to lay more than 100 eggs in a span of less than three weeks.
In general, a female mosquito lifespan is approximately two month and that of a male is approximately 10 days. These days can change in winter due to hibernation and increase their life spans.
How do you get rid of mosquitoes?
Just as there are many ways of killing a cat, there are also a number of measures you can take to kill and get rid of mosquitoes. You can get a comprehensive insight on this at Pestwiki but we are going to outline quite a few. These include:
- Use of mega catches traps that rely on carbon dioxide and ultraviolet lights to attract mosquitoes to it. These are mostly used in game reserves or where mosquito infestation is rampant.
- Use of mosquito repellants on your clothes, for example BuggSpray insect repellant.
- Cover the water containers tightly so that you reduce their breeding grounds.
- Use insecticides
As you have noted, mosquitoes do not actually rely on blood for food but rather for their egg development process. In addition to Malaria, they can also transmit Yellow fever, Chikungunya, Zika virus and other Arbovirus diseases. The bite is not what causes the pain but rather the saliva of mosquitoes is the one that causes that irritating and itchy feeling on your skin. We believe you have known a lot about mosquitoes. If so, give us a feedback in the comment section.